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finland in figures Foreign trade 2009 Exports by industries: 44,897 MEUR (per cent of total) Electric and electronics Forest industry Machinery and equipment Metals and metal products Chemicals Wholesale and retail trade Other industries 9.8 13.5 9.4 15.3 15.6 Transport and communications 10% Construction and energy 8% 16.9 19.4 Agriculture and forestry 5% Employed persons by industry, 2nd quarter 2010 Economic structure Financial and business services 13% Trade and hotel 16% Food and text. goods 13% Other manufactured items 23% Manuf. 15% Forest products 16% Metal and engineering products 48% Miscellaneous services 33% Imports by use: 43,250 MEUR Non-durable goods 19.1% Durable consumer goods 7.8% Capital goods 23.2% Intermediate goods 33.0% (MEUR) Total 2009 Germany Sweden Russia USA Netherlands Great Britain China France Exports 44,897 4,625 4,405 4,044 3,482 2,625 2,349 2,071 1,653 Imports 43,250 6,313 4,306 7,026 1,486 1,977 1,449 3,494 1,945 Monthly temperatures and rainfall in Helsinki 2009 Mean Max Min C F C F C F mm Energy 16.9% Rainfall Average 1971-2000 mm I II III -2.8 -3.6 -0.9 27.0 25.5 30.4 5.6 2.7 5.9 42.1 36.9 42.6 -15.5 -14.9 -11.6 4.1 5.2 11.1 33 20 34 47 36 38 IV 4.5 40.1 18.7 65.7 -3.1 26.4 7 36 V 11.0 51.8 23.5 74.3 1.8 35.2 45 32 VI 14.1 57.4 25.9 78.6 2.6 36.7 75 49 VII 17.2 63.0 28.5 83.3 7.7 45.9 131 62 VIII 16.7 62.1 25.6 78.1 8.4 47.1 49 78 IX 13.5 56.3 21.0 69.8 2.5 36.5 40 66 X 4.2 39.6 11.9 53.4 -4.2 24.4 90 73 XI XII 3.6 -3.6 38.5 25.5 9.4 6.6 48.9 43.9 -6.5 -18.3 20.3 -0.9 86 51 68 58 PoPulation 5.4 million, giving an average density of 18 people per sq. km of land area; annual growth rate 0.5% Life expectancy: men 76.5 and women 83.2 years. The demographic pyramid resembles that of most other industrial countries, with the middle-aged groups predominating. Average household size: 2.1 persons. 53% of the households live in single-family houses; 43% in apartment blocks. 84.4% are urbandwellers, with 1 million in the Helsinki Area, which includes Espoo and Vantaa Other major cities in Finland include Tampere, Turku, Oulu and Jyväskylä. Languages: 91% speak Finnish; 5,4% Swedish Religion: 80% are Lutheran; 1% Orthodox Education: 78% of the population aged 25 to 64 have completed upper secondary or tertiary education and 35% (the highest percentage in the EU countries) have university or other tertiary qualifications. Wired: 84% of Finnish households own a personal computer, and 74% broadband; 90% own a digital television and 99% of households have cell phones, of which 53 % utilise network. area 390,920 sq. kilometres or 150,900 sq. miles, of which 9% is fresh water; land area is 303, 909 sq. kilometres or 117,337 sq. miles. There are 188,000 lakes. 6% of the land is under cultivation, with barley and oats the main crops. Forests (mainly pine and spruce) cover 68% of the country. Government Sovereign parliamentary republic since 1917. From 1809­1917, autonomous Grand Duchy within the Russian Empire; before that part of the Kingdom of Sweden for centuries. The president is elected every six years. The position has been held by Tarja Halonen since March 1, 2000. She was re-elected in January 2006. The 200 members of Parliament are elected for four-year terms. The most recent general election (March 2007) produced the following result: Finnish Centre 51 seats; National Coalition Party 51; Social Democratic Party 45; Left Alliance 17; Greens 14; Swedish People's Party 9; Christian Democratic Party 7; True Finns 5, Åland 1. Finland has been a member of the European Union since January 1995. WorkinG life 85.0% of women aged 25­54 are employed outside the home. Average monthly earnings, 2nd quarter 2010: men 3,336 euros; women 2,729 euros. Unemployment rate 7.5% in July 2010 according to Labour Force Survey. economy GDP 2009: 171 billion euros, the annual change in volume -8%. Annual inflation rate as of July 2010: 1.1%. Currency: Euro. Gross domestic product per capita 2009* (eur) Adjusted for Purchasing Power Standard 41,800 27,700 34,900 26,100 28,400 25,300 27,400 27,400 Eurostat Source: Statistics Finland Nominal Norway Denmark USA Finland Sweden France Germany UK 57,000 40,400 33,200 32,100 31,300 29,600 29,400 25,300 94 Blue WinGS OCTOBER 2010

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